You are welcome to this lesson entitled Listening Enabling Skills. In this lesson, you will be exposed to who a learner is, why the learner must listen and what he or she should listen to. The listening enabling skills that you need to function effectively in the programmes you enrolled in will then be unfolded to you. As you go through this lesson; have with you a pen, a paper.


In the previous lesson, we considered who a listener is, why we have to listen and listening enabling skills. Have you seen yourself as a listener? I think you are now practicing some of the enabling skills. In this lesson, you are going to be studying the relationship between listening and comprehending.


In Lesson 2 which is Listening And Comprehending, we practised, how to listen for comprehension. Can you still remember what we said about listening-comprehension? Listening and comprehension are related. You listen to comprehend. Comprehension is at different levels- superficial and deep comprehension. In this lesson, you will study listening comprehension for note-taking. All throughout life, you will face situations where you have to listen to lectures, may be delivered by a distinguished special guest or lectures presented in audio recordings, video or on the television.


In the previous unit, you learnt about an important skill. Can you remember this skill? It is the skill of note-taking from lectures, seminars, speeches or talks. Note-taking is a skill that you must use all the time. Let move to our main lesson in the course which islistening- comprehension for information retrieval. The word retrieval is formed from the word ‘retrieve’ which means to receive. One of the primary aims of academic pursuits is to receive information. Today, a lot of information are stored in what we call multi-media system (radio, television, video, internet, computer, etc.), which has amount for any student like you to tap them. Information highways across the world are congested. Only the wise like you can retrieve them. This is why this lesson and the next one are important to you.


In the previous lesson, you were trained to listen and comprehend instructions, directions and facts. The training you received in that lesson was more on the use of listening-comprehension for general purposes. Instructions, directions and facts are common active listening activities in social and academic life. This lesson attempts to be more specific and more directed to academic purposes. You will be exposed to listening comprehension as it relates to information retrieval from data, figures, diagrams, tables and charts. You will agree with me that these listening-comprehension skills are more directed to learning in specific academic fields than the listening-comprehension activities treated in the previous unit.


The training so far, in the previous module, especially in the last lesson has been centered on listening for retrieval of general and specific information. Information retrieval is important. But another important aspect of listening-comprehension is to be able to give importance to the different layers of information you received while listening. Obviously, not all information is of equal importance. Some pieces of information are more important than others. In this lesson, you will learn how to determine main points or main ideas from speeches, lectures and talks.


Listening for interpretation and critical evaluation is the type of skills that can enable you to be the real master of what the speaker is saying. This type of listening skills is perhaps the most difficult. Since it is the highest order of listening activity, only a few students do this. I want you to attain this level. In your academic life, you should be capable of interpreting and evaluating viewpoints of speakers. This is the only way you can grow, academically.


In the previous units, you learnt how to listen effectively for general and specific information, main idea, for interpretative and critical evaluation. I hope you are already practising some of these listening skills in your day to day social and academic life. In this unit and the subsequent ones, you will be exposed to another very important way of receiving information. This is through strategies that you can adopt in reading effectively. You are advised to study the unit very intensely and practise the suggestions given to you. If you do this, you will emerge an effective reader; and if you are an effective reader, you are likely going to perform well in your studies.


In Lesson 3, you were taught what effective reading entails. You learnt that flexibility in reading makes you an effective reader. You should control your reading speed according to the purpose of reading, type of materials to be read and the kind of reading activities you are performing. The two related reading activities to be discussed in this unit are skimming and scanning. They are two related reading skills that are useful for pleasure and academic purpose reading. As you go through the unit, be ready to practise these reading strategies, using the relevant passages provided.


This lesson is divided into two parts. The first part assists you to practice reading at the fastest speed. This section is an extension of unit 4- where you learnt the skill of skimming and scanning. The difference is that skimming and scanning in this unit are geared towards reading very fast, while the ones discussed in unit 4 are directed towards making you able to locate specific information and obtain a general impression of a particular reading passage. The second part of the unit is devoted to the practice of reading at an average speed. You are to learn how to read materials of different types with pleasure and maximum comprehension. The last part of this topic is the slowest- reading at an average speed which is used in a study-type of situation. This last part will not be handled in this section. It will be the concern of unit 1 of module 3 of this course. As you study this unit, have your pen, paper and a dictionary beside you.
Who is a Listener?

I have a simple answer for this question. You are that listener. You are a listener because listening is a compulsory day to day activity of the programme. Although, most of the time you will be reading; there will be occasions when you have to listen to a tape recorder, radio, television or video in this programme. You are likely going to attend lectures and meetings in the study center. You need the skill of listening accurately and to comprehend what is conveyed to you as information. That is why you need to go through this unit, carefully.

As a listener, I cannot determine where you are now, studying this unit; it maybe in your home, your work place, an isolated place or even inside a vehicle taking you to a destination. Wherever you may be, there is something important about listening. We listen daily, moment by moment.

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